The increased number of livestock and the associated unrestricted grazing and frequent forest fires are amongst the major factors hampering natural regeneration especially in the high hill designated forests. Closing against grazing is the most economic and effective way of promotion of natural regeneration where the forests are growing on steep and remote areas and carriage of plants for planting is very expensive and time consuming. In such forests, sufficient seed source is available and the climatic conditions are also favorable. Therefore the closure of the area for natural regeneration is the appropriate and most cost effective option. The area will be closed against grazing for consecutive four years to support the recovery of landscape/cover restoration approach, where the most endangered species (both plants and animals) will also be the focus to achieve integrated natural resource management. In closure dibbling and sowing of seed of indigenous trees species especially walnut will be reported to restore ecological system especially in Forest Division of Upper & Lower Kohistan, Kaghan, Siran, Gallies, Hazara Tribal, Tor Ghar, Chitral, Kalam, Dir Lower and Upper Dir. Since the success of activity depends upon active support of the primary stakeholders therefore, their involvement is crucial. In Phase-I 650 VDCs were target for closure for designated Forests, These closed forests will be maintained through system already established in consultation with local organized communities. Keeping in view the importance of this system and its crucial need to rehabilitate degraded forests this system will be further extended, however in view of learnings generated during Phase-I, the following process will be pursued.
Nagaban / Chowkidar if required and agreed in a protection system will be nominated by concerned organization who will be responsible for watch & Ward, prevention of closure from fire, illicit grazing, illicit cutting, closing entrance through brush fencing or through barbed wire as well as sowing / dibbling & planting. The payment to Negaban will be made through community concerned. Before start of work / Activity bench mark/ existing situation should be fixed through history file to compare it with achievement later on.