Major Project

The increased number of livestock and the associated unrestricted grazing and frequent forest fires are amongst the major factors hampering natural regeneration especially in the high hill designated forests. Closing against grazing is the most economic and effective way of promotion of natural regeneration where the forests are growing on steep and remote areas and carriage of plants for planting is very expensive and time consuming. In such forests, sufficient seed source is available and the climatic conditions are also favorable. Therefore the closure of the area for natural regeneration is the appropriate and most cost effective option. The area will be closed against grazing for consecutive four years to support the recovery of landscape/cover restoration approach, where the most endangered species (both plants and animals) will also be the focus to achieve integrated natural resource management.  In closure dibbling and sowing of seed of indigenous trees species especially walnut will be reported to restore ecological system especially in Forest Division of Upper & Lower Kohistan, Kaghan, Siran, Gallies, Hazara Tribal, Tor Ghar, Chitral, Kalam, Dir Lower and Upper Dir.  Since the success of activity depends upon active support of the primary stakeholders therefore, their involvement is crucial. In Phase-I 650 VDCs were target for closure for designated Forests, These closed forests will be maintained through system already established in consultation with local organized communities. Keeping in view the importance of this system and its crucial need to rehabilitate degraded forests this system will be further extended, however in view of learnings generated during Phase-I, the following process will be pursued.

  • Those compartments will be selected which have been degraded & have density ranging from 10-30% have at least 25% of its area extremely open having up to 20% density that requires regeneration.
  • In case no such area will be available in designated Forests, DFO will testify it and can take natural stands outside the designated Forests.
  • The DFO concerned will develop base line of the compartment, coupled with map of the area to be closed for natural regeneration. The base line will include, photos and description of area, its technical feasibility, need of closure, causes of degradation & scope of closure.
  • In this phase minimum unit for closure will be a compartment & its unit cost will also change i.e. 0.205 million, keeping in view the fencing of barbed wired on vulnerable points.
  • DFO concerned will then hand over the base line compartment its & his technical feasibility to CDE&GAD Directorate/CDO for social profiling which has rights/dependence & de-facto or dejure use rights over the Forests.
  • The Director CD will develop social feasibility which will cover social profiling of community, its number of livestock, current use and alternative arrangements. Based on technical feasibility drawn by DFO and Social feasibility drawn by CD staff and consultation with community DFO will decide area of closure.
  • Joint finalization of the area to be closed:
  • After organization both the stakeholders i.e deptt and community will visit the area to be closed, along with identification of alternate sites for their use and also carve out system for protection.
  • Concluding terms of partnership with VDC/JFMC/VO/CO & consequently registration of VDC/JFMC/VO/CO by concerned DFO.

Nagaban / Chowkidar if required and agreed in a protection system will be nominated by concerned organization who will be responsible for watch & Ward, prevention of closure from fire, illicit grazing, illicit cutting, closing entrance through brush fencing or through barbed wire as well as sowing / dibbling & planting. The payment to Negaban will be made through community concerned. Before start of work / Activity bench mark/ existing situation should be fixed through history file to compare it with achievement later on.